End of World War II
A short film by Pathé of Mountbatten at the Japanese Surrender in Singapore
Mountbatten making a speech at Singapore Town Hall
following the Japanese Surrender
Whitehall, August 27, 1946.
The King has been pleased, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the Realm, bearing date the 23rd instant, to confer the dignity of a Viscounty of the United Kingdom upon Acting Admiral Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, GCVO, KCB, DSO, by the name, style and title of VISCOUNT MOUNTBATTEN OF BURMA, of Romsey in the County of Southampton, to hold to him and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten and to be begotten; and in default of such issue with remainder to his eldest daughter Patricia Edwina Victoria Mountbatten by the name, style and title of VISCOUNTESS MOUNTBATTEN OF BURMA, of Romsey in the County of Southampton, and the heirs male of her body lawfully begotten; and in default of such issue to every other daughter lawfully begotten of the said Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten successively in order of seniority of age and priority of birth and to the heirs male of their bodies lawfully begotten.
On 12th September 1945, Mountbatten accepted the surrender of the Japanese in South East Asia, in the Council Chamber of Singapore Town Hall from General Seishiõ Itagaki (1885-1948) on behalf of General Hisaichi Terauchi (1879-1946).
Mountbatten reading the terms of surrender
to the Japanese representatives
With victory came practicalities – the recovery and repatriation of over 125,000 Allied prisoners of War and internees. Mountbatten therefore called on Edwina who was Superintendent-in-Chief of the St. John’s Ambulance Brigade and Chairman of it's Joint War Organization. She was given full authority by Mountbatten to recover prisoners of War and improve conditions in the camps. In May 1946, Mountbatten handed over to The Rt Hon. Malcolm MacDonald (1901-1981), son of former Prime Minister The Rt Hon. Ramsay MacDonald (1866-1937) and former British Government minister-come-diplomat as Governor-General of Singapore & Malaya as a fully functional administration. Mountbatten was subsequently recalled back to London to take part in the War victory parades. He never returned to South East Asia.
Mountbatten & Edwina in the
post-WWII Victory Parade, London
Mountbatten (and Edwina at rear)
at Romsey Town Hall following his award of the Freedom of Romsey, June 1946
On his return home, Mountbatten was showered with honours from all around the world. On 23rd August 1946, Mountbatten was created Viscount Mountbatten of Burma and was awarded the rare honour of a title with a special remainder to enable his eldest daughter to succeed to ensure that the title would not become extinct upon his death. The London Gazette announced the honour on 27th August 1946 (see above).