Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh
Prior to his wedding to Princess Elizabeth in 1947, King George VI (1895(1936-1952) created him a Knight of the Garter (KG), a Duke, an Earl and a Baron, with the qualification of Royal Highness, however although he was now a Royal Duke with precedence immediately after The Queen, he was not a Prince - despite being informally known by his formerly Princely title. In February 1957, at the recommendation of the new Prime Minister - The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan, later 1st Earl of Stockton (1894-1986) suggested to The Queen that this anomaly be resolved. On the day following their return from a State Visit to Portugal, The Queen issued Letters Patent on 22nd February 1957 stating that Philip would be granted - "the style and titular dignity of a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" and would officially be known as His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Philip - like most of the Royal Family, have taken an active part in charitable organisations and he has been Patron of over 800 organisations, focusing on science & technology, sports, the environment and education - but in recent times due to advancing years he has cut back. Examples of his roles include - President of the National Playing Fields Association 1947-2013; President of the International Equestrian Federation 1964-1986; President of the British Amateur Athletic Board 1952-2000; President of the Royal Mint Advisory Committee 1952-1999; Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh 1953-2010 and President of the World Wildlife Fund for Nature 1961-1982 (International President 1981-1996 and President Emeritus since 1996).
Philip playing polo at Smiths Lawn, Windsor Great Park
Philip during a carriage driving competition
Philip on horseback in the uniform
of a Field Marshal at Trooping the Colour
Philip with his uncle - Mountbatten (right)
after a polo match
Philip became was an active polo player, actively encouraged by his uncle - Mountbatten. He became one of the World's most famous polo players, but retired in 1971 after getting arthritis in his wrist. Soon after Philip took up horse carriage driving and became instrumental in the development of the sport, practically writing the sport's rule-book. He has represented Great Britain in three European Championships and six World Championships. The Prince is also well known for his love of painting, sailing, fishing, walking and of course his fiercely independent attitude and plain speaking which has often been the cause of some embarrassment and controversy over the years.